In various fabrication and construction work, the grade and composition of steel plate materials that are used will have a major effect on your end product.
The abrasion-resistant steel plates are normal steel plates which possess tougher and harder quality which can last about 4 times longer as compared to any common structural steel plate of high-strength obtained from steel Houston.
Understanding Abrasion-Resistant Steel
It is essential to understand what will make it tougher, and also how will you know when your project will need abrasion-resistant steel?
Abrasion-resistant steel plate can be steel plate of high-carbon alloy steel, which will signify that this kind of steel will be formable and also weather-resistant because of added alloys. Also, because of addition of carbon it will be harder too.
While forming these steel plates, carbon is added that considerably will increase hardness and toughness, however it reduces strength.
Therefore, the abrasion-resistant plate will be employed in such conditions where any wear and tear as well as abrasions will be the main reasons of failure.
These AR plate will not be perfect material for any structural construction applications, such as support beams in the buildings or bridges.
Therefore, the common applications of such AR plate are for dump liners, buckets, grates, construction attachments, body armor, conveyors and ballistic plates.
How the tempered and quenched process creates abrasion-resistant plate
Abrasion-Resistant material can be created by tempering and quenching forged steel blocks/ingots.
During this process, grain structure of the material will get modified in order to increase its toughness and will promote formability or it will likely to be little less brittle, that leads to very thorough-hardening of steel plate.
Quenching and tempering is 2-part process:
The process of quenching will occur when steel will be brought to a very high temperature, which is usually between 1,500ᵒF and 1,650 °F.
Thereafter it will be quickly cooled by using water. Due to this process it will allow crystal structures to get the form within steel itself, in order to increase its hardness.
In the tempering process, the quenched steel will be re-heated again to certain temperature which is below-critical temperature (approx. 300ᵒF to 700 °F). After that it will enable the plate to get cooled to normal air temperatures.
Due to reheating of the material it will disintegrate the crystal structures that is formed during the quenching process, at the same time because of the long cooling it will enable the crystal structure to get reformed and preserving most of its strength and hardness, but it will increase the overall ductility.